What do we understand about medicine technology? It is also referred as medical technology, is any type of intrusion that is used to make a safe and effective diagnosis, prevention, rehabilitation and treatment for different diseases and illnesses. It can be procedures, devices, pharmaceuticals and organizational systems that are used in health care. It is also a subset of health technology, and its scope is a variety of products for healthcare that are used on humans. Such development and use of technologies are very important because they are made to improve quality in providing health care through the diagnosis made using less aggressive options for treatment as well as reducing the number of days spent in the hospital and rehab. Other important details about medicine technology that you should know are as follows:
- The technological advancements in medical technology are now also focused more in reducing costs.
- This field is broad as this may also include information technology, different medical devices, healthcare services and biotech.
- It may also talk about the duties that are performed by clinical laboratory professionals that are in different settings in the private and public sectors. This may include the clinical applications in genetics, chemistry, immunohematology, hematology, microbiology, immunology, urinalysis, serology and other different analysis in the body fluid.
- The professionals in medicine technology may be called as Medical Laboratory Scientists or MLS, Biomedical Scientists, Medical technologists or MT, Medical Laboratory Technicians and Medical Laboratory Technologists; which may depend on the location, the certifying body as well as the level of education.
Medicine Technology plays an integral part in the industry of medicine as a whole, which also includes medical practitioners, pharmaceutical industry, and many others. The way of life will be very different without medicine technology. It affects how humans can become healthy as well as how one will receive the proper health care that is needed.
These days, there are so many portable devices to choose from. A typical person owns more than one device. Examples are laptops, cellphones, tablets, and PDAs. If you’re in the medical field, you also need these portable devices. But if you don’t want to carry too many devices around, you can survive with just these three:
- Portable computer or laptop. Most doctors are now opting to store patient information in laptops rather than paper. Not only does it become easier to compile all pertinent information, but it also minimizes the clutter in the clinic. You can also access the information wherever you are. A hospital can also have a database of patients and personnel to make sure that emergency situations can be handled quickly. Since laptops also have a bigger storage space, you can store resources and training materials in there for review.
- Smartphone or PDA. Today, smartphones can already be your personal digital assistant. There are applications that help schedule your activities and remind you of your appointments and tasks. You will become a more efficient physician with a device reminding you of what you need to do within reach. It’s also easy to communicate through smartphones.
- Tablet. Tablets are also helpful because it can help you access your mail, databases, and patient files anytime. Sure, the laptop already allows access to these things, but tablets are lighter and more convenient to bring anywhere. Besides, it also has a longer battery life, so even if your laptop battery is already dead, you can still rely on your tablet.
With your laptop, smartphone, and tablet, you can access everything you need. To maximize the capability of these devices, you might want to synchronize your files. If you do that, you can access everything regardless of whether you are using a laptop, tablet, or smartphone. That way, if your smartphone dies, you can still send an email from your tablet.
The use of portable computers and tablets has gained both positive and negative reactions from doctors. Although there are doctors that rely on the electronic medical records or EMRs for accessibility and convenience but some still think that traditional paper work and the use of pen and pad is still the best way to handle patients. The US government aims to reach the goal of Obamacare wherein the costs are lower and there is more access with the records.
As of now, doctors and hospitals are being convinced by the federal government to adopt health information technology and EMRs with financial incentives but this will change soon wherein penalties will be set instead of rewards. In the year 2015, all physicians that are not using an EMR that is certified will have 1% cut on their Medicare reimbursements. This deduction rate will increase to 2% in year 2016, 3% in 2017, 4% in 2018, and can go up to 95%, which will depend on the adjustments in the future.
The key component of Obamacare is to pay for quality instead of paying for services. Paying for quality means measuring quality and it has been difficult in the past without the use of technology, and the use of EMR and EHR are perfect tools to achieve the goal. There are already many hospitals in the United States that have gone digital and received a significant amount of federal incentive.
EMR or electronic medical record is a software system that replaces the use of paper charts while EHR or electronic health record is software that can connect physicians as well as other caregivers to coordinate information of patient such as medical history, medications, laboratory data, immunizations, and radiology reports. Time will come that patients and doctors won’t have much choice because the future is believed to be in this technological development.
For how many years now, the government are trying to convince doctors to use portable computers and tablets instead of pens and pads to lower costs and create more access. But not all physicians are agreeing to this. Some doctors are just old school, they do not set time limits on patient visits and rely on folders full of paper charts, they have been doing it for more than 30 years and they are not willing to use these gadgets to take notes during the exam.
These doctors have not considered electronic medical records or EMRs yet. EMRs should make caring for the patients easier wherein tedious tasks of writing down the patient’s medical histories, filling out of lab requests and prescription management are all simplified. This can be bothersome for them because it distracts them of the new system. They believe that they are more attentive to the EMR rather than listening to the talking patient.
But not all doctors think the same. There are also others that are already well adjusted and cannot function well without using the EMR. After how many years of utilizing the basic system, the technology has significantly developed. The software that some doctors use can notify them of allergy alerts as well as possible interactions with drugs. If a doctor is away from the hospital and calls them in the middle of the night, he or she can just easily look up their electronic health record for them to see their last actions taken. Lab results can also be easily accessed online by the patient without having the need to go to the clinic for it.
Both sides have different effects and experiences regarding on patients leaving them. Patients of old school doctors left because they wanted them to go digital while the high-tech doctors were dropped because their faces are usually glued on to the screen.
The use of laptop computers in the neuroscience-informed cognitive training of auditory and verbal working and early auditory processing is found to be promising in improving cognition in patients that have recent-onset schizophrenia according to the result of new research. The study showed that patients who received auditory computer training are improving significantly in their cognitive function compared to individuals with matched control.
Lead investigator Sophia VinogradovMD, from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) told Medscape Medical News: "We have been doing studies of cognitive training in people who have had schizophrenia for 20 years with a lot of psychosocial impairment and impoverishment and have gotten some promising results. The next logical step was to see what would happen when we tried these same approaches in people very early in the course of their illness."
Dr.Vinogradov and her team has been working with patients who have schizophrenia that is within the first 5 years after being diagnosed, wherein average age of their participants for the study is 21 years old."We wanted to target improvement in cognition, which is something that medications and most psychosocial treatments do not touch very well. The cognitive deficits that people with schizophrenia have are present in the prodrome and appear to worsen as the illness progresses, and they have important predictive value for how people will end up doing over the long haul," she said.
80 patients that have recent-onset schizophrenia were given portable computers that they can take home. They were assigned 40 hours of commercial computer games or 40 hours of auditory training randomly wherein they can choose their own schedule doing it within 8 weeks. After the given period, the investigators are seeing changes in their neurocognitive outcome measures, functioning, and symptoms. An investigation was also made on their psychophysical improvement in processing auditory as well as its association with the cognitive gains.
Participants showed a slight but huge decrease in symptoms, they think that the results are promising and that cognition in this young age group can be targeted. It has been regarded that the brains of individuals that have schizophrenia can’t be repaired and are broken, but now they are starting to believe that the neural systems in such individuals can change.
"This is a very exciting study because it shows that cognition can be improved in these newly diagnosed schizophrenia patients. The fact that the laptop was given to the patient and the patient was able to take it home is particularly interesting. Coming into the clinic is pretty stigmatizing for a lot of people, and also can be inconvenient. If these patients can use the laptop at home and get better, that’s wonderful," said Dr. Woolley, who was not part of the study. Joshua Woolley, MD, PhD, from the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California said.